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BabyBoomers Should Be Aware of These Common Bone, Joint and Muscle Disorders Before It Is Too Late E-mail
Written by Jeff Behar, MS, MBA   
Arthritis is a group of conditions that affect the health of the bone joints in the body. Arthritic diseases include rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, which are autoimmune diseases; septic arthritis, caused by joint infection; and the more common osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease. Arthritis can be caused from strains and injuries caused by repetitive motion, sports, overexertion, and falls. Unlike the autoimmune diseases, osteoarthritis largely affects older people and results from the degeneration of joint cartilage.    

Fibromyalgia - Fibromyalgia is a debilitating chronic illness characterized by diffuse pain, fatigue, and a wide range of other symptoms. It is a syndrome, not a disease. It is not contagious, and is probably genetic. Fibromyalgia coincides with many other conditions such as lupus, lyme disease and rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, many patients with fibromyalgia are also diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome , irritable bowel syndrome, migraine headaches, or
depression. Some experts suggest that these conditions might be different manifestations of the same root condition.The nature of fibromyalgia is not well understood. Fibromyalgia is sometimes categorized as primary or secondary. In primary fibromyalgia (also called idiopathic fibromyalgia) the causes are not known, and in secondary fibromyalgia the causes can be identified. Primary fibromyalgia is the more common form.

Osteoporosis- Osteoporosis is a disease of bone in which the amount of bone is decreased and the strength of trabecular bone is reduced, cortical bone becomes thin and bones are susceptible to fracture. Osteoporosis is condition that features loss of the normal density of bone. Osteoporosis leads to literally abnormally porous bone that is more compressible like a sponge than dense like a brick. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone leading to an increase in the risk of breaking bones (bone fracture).

Muscular dystrophy - Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of the muscles. Muscular dystrophy causes the muscles in the body to become very weak. The muscles break down and are replaced with fatty deposits over time. Defective genes are the cause of muscular dystrophy. The specific gene disorder is known for most of the common muscular dystrophies, but there are many less common conditions for which the specific defects need to be discovered. A family history of the condition is often but not always present. There are over twenty types of muscular dystrophy, each categorized according to which muscles in the body are affected. The most common type of muscular dystrophy is called Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Another common, though milder form of dystrophy is known as Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD).

Plantar fasciitis - Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation (irritation and swelling with presence of extra immune cells) of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot that causes heel pain and disability. The plantar fascia is a very thick band of tissue that covers the bones on the bottom of the foot. This fascia can become inflamed and painful in some people, making walking more difficult. The disorder is common in runners and in dancers and may occur in people whose occupations involve standing for prolonged periods. A change in shoe style can also lead to plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis is common in obese people and in pregnant women perhaps because their extra body weight overloads the delicate plantar fascia. It is also more common in people with diabetes, although the exact reason for this is unknown. Plantar fasciitis tends to affect those over 30 years of age to a much greater degree than those younger. This probably is a consequence of age-related degeneration of the plantar fascia as well as gradual loss of elasticity in these tissues.

 
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